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Голосование за радикальные правые партии в Европе: роль культурного изменения и партийной поляризации (Часть I) Вернуться


doi:10.33491/telescope2018.602

№ журнала: № 6 за 2018г.
Авторы: В. Сафронов / Социологический институт РАН
Файл: Скачать статью (153.9 Kb)

Аннотация: Статья посвящена проблеме быстрого роста в последние десятилетия электоральной поддержки радикальных правых партий в странах Западной, Центральной и Восточной Европы. В первой части статьи обсуждает общее теоретическое основание подходов к этой проблеме в научной литературе – общественные изменения, вызванные модернизацией и глобализацией, и основные разновидности этих подходов. Одна из них предполагает повышение общественного «спроса» на популистскую и националистическую идеологию, а другая – появление благоприятных политических возможностей, обусловленное электоральными институтами пропорциональных многопартийных систем и стратегиями партийной конкуренции, ведущими к изменению поляризации партийной системы в экономическом и социально-культурном измерениях. Дается краткий обзор эмпирических исследований, отмечается неоднозначность полученных результатов.

Ключевые слова: радикальные правые партии, выборы, теоретические основания и эмпирические факты, страны Европы


VOTING FOR RADICAL RIGHT PARTIES IN EUROPE: THE ROLE OF CULTURAL CHANGE AND PARTY POLARIZATION (Part 1)

Viacheslav V. Safronov — Senior Fellow, Sociological Institute of the Federal Center of Theoretical and Applied Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences

doi:10.33491/telescope2018.602

Summary: The article is devoted to the problem of rapid growth in recent decades of electoral support for radical right-wing parties in Western, Central and Eastern Europe. The first part of the article discusses the general theoretical foundation of approaches to this problem in the scientific literature - social changes caused by modernization and globalization, and the main varieties of these approaches. One of them assumes that there is an increase in public "demand" for populist and nationalist ideology, while the other indicates the emergence of favorable political opportunities due to electoral institutions of proportional multi-party systems and strategies of party competition, leading to a change in the polarization of the party system in the economic and socio-cultural dimensions. A brief review of empirical studies is given, and the ambiguity of the results is noted.

Key-words: radical right parties, parliamentary elections, theories and empirical facts, European countries

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